Category Archives: Medical

News and articles on the Medical aspects of sport.

Exercising in the heat – make your children aware

Girl and water bottle

Many parts of the southern hemisphere, particularly Southern Africa are currently experiencing unseasonably hot weather conditions. This has implications for all people exercising and playing sport in such conditions, but even more at risk for heat related illnesses are children whose physiological and structural differences impact on their ability to respond to environmental heat. Heat […]

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Parental role in managing children’s sporting injuries

sports-injury

We all know that playing sport has a number of benefits for our children such as improved fitness levels, self-esteem, coordination and self-discipline; however it can also put them as risk of incurring sports injuries. These injuries range from minor scrapes and bruises to more traumatic injuries like a broken leg or overuse conditions such […]

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General Principles of Injury Treatment and Prevention

sports-injury

Participating in sport has not only been found to be beneficial for physical development in children and adolescents, but can also result in better academic performance such as; higher grade-point averages, higher graduation rates, fewer school absences, less discipline referrals, and increased success at university or college compared to non-athletes (McGuine, 2006). Involvement in sport […]

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Paediatric Hydrotherapy

Buoyancy

Hydrotherapy (therapy in water) has always been one of the preferred therapy options, for adults, children and even animals. However, limited appropriate facilities mean that it is not used enough in South Africa. This article sets out to provide parents with some more information about this therapy option, what it can be used for with […]

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Conditioning in early adolescent sports people

Stretching 1

In the last article we focused on pre-adolescent sports people. Here we will focus on the early adolescent/early puberty phase where young people are experiencing considerable physiological changes which will therefore have implications for training. I still believe that in this phase it is vital for children to be playing as many sports as possible […]

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Kinesiotape – Pink tape that makes you run faster?

Kinesiotape

If you watch a sport event these days, one of the most visible sights is the “pink tape” that seems to hold many of the athletes together. Your kids probably think it is pretty cool that their favourite hero is wearing “pink tape”. But what is its really doing…..? Definitions Before I give my two […]

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Understanding Scheuermann’s Disease

Kyphosis

This is the last in our series of articles on osteochondroses.  There is a group of conditions that affect bones in the growing child called osteochondroses. Due to a number of reasons including altered blood supply, the bone becomes soft and may become deformed. After a few years, the bone will harden again, in its […]

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Commonly occurring injuries in young sports people

sports-injury

Sports-related injury is the leading cause of injuries among school-aged children (Luke et al., 2011). Not surprising, since regular training of children and adolescents is becoming more common in sport, and competitive sports are indulged in with increasing intensity at ever-decreasing ages (Carter & Micheli, 2011; Peterson & Renström, 2001). Young athletes can derive many […]

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Understanding Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood Schlatters

Osgood Schlatter disease is probably the most common cause of knee pain in active children between the ages of 9 -16 years. It is one of several conditions known as osteochodrosis which are caused by repeated overuse in the growing skeleton. What is it? Osgood Schlatter disease is caused by repeated pull (traction) of the […]

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Understanding Sever’s Disease (Heel pain in growing athletes)

Sever's Disease

Severs disease is the most common cause of heel pain in the growing athlete. If your child has ever suffered from this, you will know how uncomfortable and frustrating this condition is when all your child wants to do is get on with their sport! What is it? The medical name for Sever’s disease is […]

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Bone health in adolescents – Part 2

Bone Xray

Calcium Needs during the Growth Spurt and Low Bone Density Last week we looked at skeletal growth and the factors that influence skeletal growth particularly during the adolescent stage. Two of the factors affecting skeletal growth are physical activity and nutrition, specifically the need for calcium. We looked at calcium sources, the amount of calcium […]

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Argus Cycle Race–Fun for the entire family

Cape Argus 2012

The Cape Argus Cycle Race, the world’s largest timed cycle race was completed, without a single fatality, for the 35th time on Sunday 11th March on a glorious, although very hot day in beautiful Cape Town. 42,000 people entered the race which provides a variety of opportunities for families to exercise together in a fun, […]

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Bone health in adolescents

Calcium.jpg

Calcium Needs during the Growth Spurt and Low Bone Density Calcium is one of the essential minerals in the body and has many functions. One of its key functions is in relation to the development of bone particularly during adolescents. In this article we address the factors affecting skeletal growth and the role of nutrition […]

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The anaemic athlete

Popeye

If exercise is meant to make you healthier, why are some athletes at higher risk of becoming anaemic? In this article, we talk you through the causes of anaemia in the athlete, and how to make sure this problem doesn’t affect you or your kids in your quest to good health! Anaemia refers to abnormally […]

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Make exercise a fun, family activity 365 days of the year

fun run

An exciting event is taking place in Cape Town on Sunday 6th November, the “MySchool Move for Your Health” 6km Fun Walk/Run, to encourage parents and kids to start or continue exercising. But that’s just one day, WHAT ABOUT THE OTHER 364 DAYS OF THE YEAR? They are equally important! This event is a match […]

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Do’s and don’ts of stretching

Stretching 1

A collaboration between Guillaume (Jeff) Malan and Dr. Kim Nolte (PhD – Human Movement Sciences).   Most people know that stretching can be beneficial specifically in terms of injury prevention and sports performance. However, it is important that stretches are performed correctly in order to get the benefits of the stretches therefore this article addresses […]

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Ergo skills for children

Ergo 2

Does your child spend at least 1 hour per day on a computer or laptop? Most parents will answer this question with a “yes”………… Has your child complained of neck , shoulder, lower back pain or headaches? If the answer is yes, then consider that the hours spent on the computer may well be the […]

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Secretly strengthening your child’s core: Fun with the Physio Ball

Ball Curl 1

As adults, most of us have heard of the ‘core’ or stabilising muscles of the trunk. They are vital to assist in trunk stability, and joint control. The muscles of this ‘abdominal canister’ co-contract to produce and control intra-abdominal pressure and assist in stability and load transfer across the lumbo-pelvic area. These muscles, or ‘core’, […]

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How do you know if your son is taking anabolic steroids?

Performance Enhancing Substances

The newspapers are confirming what most of us already know: more and more adolescent schoolboys are taking powerful anabolic steroids. And they’re not only taking them to enhance their sports performance but also “to look good.” So as a parent, how would you spot if your son is taking these dangerous drugs? Steroid use can […]

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Correcting Faulty Biomechanics* in the Growing Child

Faulty Biomechanics

So often we hear parents bemoaning their child’s posture. “Stand up straight”, “Get your shoulders back”; “stop stooping”; “stand upright” and so on. Parents, quite rightly, blame the advent of television, Playstation, Blackberry’s and the like. “In our day we used to ride our bikes and play outside”. Also accurate, but in today’s world of […]

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Interview: Understanding the School Sports Concussion Programme

Baseline Concussion Testing

Many parents have received messages from their children’s schools and other sources about so-called “baseline testing” for concussion. Some schools are even making these tests compulsory for boys playing rugby at school. Mary Ann and myself at Positive Sport Parent  have been asked by a number of parents what the School Sports Concussion Programme is, […]

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