Category Archives: Sustenance

News and articles on Sustenance aspects of sport.

Sport supplements and young athletes: part 3 – Natural High

Vitamins

Our final article in this series focuses on vitamin, mineral and omega-3 supplements. VITAMINS AND MINERALS Young athletes’ needs for vitamins and minerals are greater than those of non-active children. Although the thought is often that supplements will enhance their health and performance through vitamin and mineral supplements, there is little scientific evidence to suggest […]

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Sport supplements and young athletes: part 2 – Performance Boosters

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Following our first article in this series, which focused on energy-related supplements, this 2nd article focuses on supplements that are deemed to boost performance. CAFFEINE Athletes often take caffeine through the intake of energy drinks, sports drinks or coke before and during training or competition. Claims: Caffeine will enhance endurance, performance, concentration, motivation and mental […]

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Sport supplements and young athletes, part 1- Carbo Kick

Carbo Pic

Many young athletes take nutritional supplements, often without really knowing what they are or how they work. Do young athletes really need supplements? Are they likely to benefit or harm their performance? What are the possible effects on long-term health? The fact that many adult athletes take supplements does not mean they are safe or […]

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Body image and eating disorders among adolescents 3

body image 1

Prevention Strategies In this our final article in the series we look at prevention strategies and some educational messages. Prevention is better than cure and strategies to prevent disordered eating should be implemented early to avoid body image dissatisfaction. It is more difficult to change unhealthy eating behaviour and disturbed body image attitudes once established. […]

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Body image and eating disturbances among adolescents 2

body image 1

In this 2nd part in the series we look at the causes and warning signs of eating disorders, how it affects performance and how to assist an athlete who presents with an eating disorder. Causes of Eating Disorders in young Athletes There is no single cause of eating disorders or disordered eating in young athletes. […]

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Body image and eating disturbances among adolescents 1

body image 1

This is the first in a 3 part series on the subject of body image and eating disturbances which affects a number of young sports people. Young people are constantly bombarded with messages and images of the ideal body. This ideal body is often portrayed as unrealistically thin or overly muscular. In contrast to this […]

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Hype about hydration 2

Girl and water bottle

In this second article on hydration we focus on some practical guidelines to ensure adequate hydration, including what, how much and when to drink. PREVENTING DEHYDRATION How Much Fluid? There are no official guidelines for fluid intake, although many health professionals advise children and adolescents to drink 1.5 litres per day (1) or to drink […]

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Hype about hydration 1

Girl-drinking-water-001

This is the first part of a 2 part series on hydration and will focus on the need for adequate hydration and recognising dehydration in the young athlete. The importance of adequate fluid intake in sports is to avoid dehydration and maintain normal heart function and thermoregulatory (ability of the body to deal with heat) […]

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Drug testing at schools

Performance Enhancing Substances

New revelations in the Sunday Times of 1st April 2012 regarding an increasing incidence of smoking, alcohol and drugs in South African schools as well as the 2-year ban imposed on 2 school boy rugby players following positive tests for steroids has once again highlighted the need for a better understanding of drug and steroid […]

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Bone health in adolescents – Part 2

Bone Xray

Calcium Needs during the Growth Spurt and Low Bone Density Last week we looked at skeletal growth and the factors that influence skeletal growth particularly during the adolescent stage. Two of the factors affecting skeletal growth are physical activity and nutrition, specifically the need for calcium. We looked at calcium sources, the amount of calcium […]

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Bone health in adolescents

Calcium.jpg

Calcium Needs during the Growth Spurt and Low Bone Density Calcium is one of the essential minerals in the body and has many functions. One of its key functions is in relation to the development of bone particularly during adolescents. In this article we address the factors affecting skeletal growth and the role of nutrition […]

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Feeding active kids 3

Feeding Active Kids 3 - cereal

Our third and final article in the series Feeding Active Kids focuses on eating for competition days and multi-event competition. Article one and article two are also available. COMPETITION DAY The night before Ensure sufficient carbohydrate intake and appropriate fluid intake. Keep food simple and include carbohydrates, some protein foods and plenty of nourishing drinks. […]

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Dangers of Doping

Performance Enhancing Substances

Another week, another story about the use of performance enhancing substances ranging from steroids to supplements and everything in between. The statistics are frightening. Here’s just a sample: * In a survey conducted at 18 of South Africa’s top schools, 21 out of 130 pupils (approximately 1 in 6) tested positive for a variety of […]

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Feeding Active Kids 2

Snack foods

This is the second article of three in our current series, “Feeding Active Kids.” In our first article we looked at the need for proper nutrition to optimise growth and development as well as how to include adequate carbohydrate, protein and fat in your active kid’s diet. If you missed it, click here. In this […]

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How do you know if your son is taking anabolic steroids?

Performance Enhancing Substances

The newspapers are confirming what most of us already know: more and more adolescent schoolboys are taking powerful anabolic steroids. And they’re not only taking them to enhance their sports performance but also “to look good.” So as a parent, how would you spot if your son is taking these dangerous drugs? Steroid use can […]

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Feeding Active Kids 1

Lunchbox ideas

It is important for active kids to develop a healthy relationship with food and recognize the value of healthy eating in exercise performance. In this series of 3 articles we seek to provide you with practical tips to assist you in providing your children with the required nutrition for an active life. In this article […]

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25 Practical Tips for Parents to Guide their Children’s Sporting Endeavours

Soccer on beach

As society has transformed over the past 30 years there have been significant paradigm shifts in physical activity and sport. On the one hand changing childhood behaviour patterns has resulted in decreasing physical activity levels whilst at the other end of the spectrum the increasing professionalism of sport has exacerbated the pressure placed on young […]

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Illegal or Ignorant? How performance enhancing substances can damage a career

Performance Enhancing Substances

Within the space of a few days in November 2010, three leading South African sportsmen (two rugby players and a cricketer) tested positive for substances prohibited by the World Anti Doping Association (WADA). Was this doping to enhance performance, ignorance on the part of the players and/or their medical teams or contaminated products? Whatever the […]

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